# Problem Solving Techniques For Every Beginner Programmers

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Whether you have started learning programming or you are about to start, this article is very very much important for you because learning lots of programming languages won’t make you a programmer but learning only one or two languages along with great problem-solving skills can.

So, Hello Dear programmers! Welcome to this blog. Today in this article, I’ll share the methodologies which can make you a good problem solver as a programmer and hence, a good programmer.

## What is Problem-Solving in the field of programming?

Problem-solving is the process of identifying a problem, developing an algorithm for the identified problem, and finally implementing the algorithm to develop a computer program.

## Steps for Problem-Solving

Let suppose you are driving a car, after some moment the car starts making some strange noise. You might not know how to solve the problem right away. You took that car to a mechanic. What will he do? He will analyze the problem to figure out where the noise is coming out from, make a plan for the work to be done and finally repair the car to remove the noise.

From the above example, we can say that, finding the solution to a problem might consist of multiple steps.

Problem-solving begins with the precise identification of the problem and ends with a complete working solution in terms of a program or software. Key steps required for solving a problem using a computer are discussed below.

### 1. Analyze the problem

It is important to clearly understand a problem before we begin to find the solution for it. If we are not clear as to what is to be solved, we may end up developing a program that may not solve our purpose.

Thus, we need to read and analyze the problem statement carefully to list the principal components of the problem and decide the core functionalities that our solution should have. By analyzing a problem, we would be able to figure out what are the inputs that our program should accept and the outputs that it should produce.

### 2. Develop an Algorithm

It is essential to devise a solution before writing a program code for a given problem. The solution is represented in natural language and is called an algorithm. We can imagine an algorithm like a very well-written recipe for a dish, with clearly defined steps that, if followed, one will end up preparing the dish.

For a given problem, more than one algorithm is possible and we have to select the most suitable solution.

### 3. Get set Coding

After finalizing the algorithm, we need to convert the algorithm into a format that can be understood by the computer to generate the desired solution. Different high-level programming languages can be used for writing a program.

It is equally important to record the details of the coding procedures followed and document the solution. This is helpful when revisiting the programs at a later stage.

### 4. Testing and Debugging

The program created should be tested on various parameters. The program should meet the requirements of the user. It must respond within the expected time. It should generate the correct output for all possible inputs. In the presence of syntactical errors, no output will be obtained. In case the output generated is incorrect, then the program should be checked for logical errors if any.

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